A short excerpt:
Microbiome innovations for a sustainable future
We highlight how microbiome-based innovations can contribute to policies that interface with the SDGs and argue that international cooperation in microbiome science is crucial for success.
In 2015, the United Nations General Assembly adopted 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) that aim to improve the lives of people around the world. A 15-year programme for global sustainable development was set out, with the SDGs forming the backbone of this plan. Many nations incorporated the SDGs into government policies by adopting national bioeconomy strategies to achieve the SDGs and setting targets to mitigate climate change.
Bioeconomy strategies embrace sustainability and circularity principles such as the production of food, materials and energy from renewable biological resources including crops, forests, fish, animals and microorganisms1. Such strategies aim to ensure a sustainable increase of primary production and enable economies to rely less on fossil-based fuels and other non-sustainable resources, and more on renewable and reusable resources, including waste. Bioeconomy strategies have converged with the aims of the SDGs as bioeconomy solutions are key to sustainable production that protects natural resources and biodiversity, and follows circular concepts.